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Ciprian Voicilă
 

I have asked myself two questions. First: why are the authors I have already mentioned so popular among young readers, especially among adolescents? Because they manage to give sense to their lives. Precisely at the age when tormented by the fear of what is going to be, Eliade is urging you to create your own destiny because you have a mission to accomplish. Noica is tempting you towards the philosophy-knots (the greatest achievement of the human spirit). Cioran is telling you that there is no sense in life, that everything is meaningless, everything is pure fiction. In order for you to get away, you have to appeal to curses or to writing, the only ones granting you catharsis. The second question: how can one explain the huge success registered by the interwar authors? books after December 1989?

After the ?90s, the former Political Publishing House turned into Humanitas Publishing House, run by one of Constanting Noica?s disciples, Gabriel Liiceanu. This is where many of the authors prohibited by the communist regime started being published. Everything forbidden by the communist regime had a particular charm, reminding you of a forgotten normality, had the perfume of a beautiful coat recovered from some wardrobe. This publishing house published within the Totalitarianism and the Literature of the East series the books which emphasised the terror of communism (Vasili Grossman ? Panta Rhei, Aleksandr Soljeniţîn- A Day of Ivan Denisovici?s Life, Virgil Ierunca- The Piteşti Phenomenon, Constantin Noica ? Pray for Brother Alexander, Paul Goma- Rainbow Colours and Gherla, Monica Lovinescu?s Short Waves volumes.) they also published author series ? Nae Ionescu, Mircea Eliade, Emil Cioran, Eugene Ionesco, Constantin Noica, Lucian Blaga. Mircea Ciobanu?s conversations with King Michael I of Romania (1992). Mircea Vulcănescu (1904-1952, the philosopher, economist, member of the Dimitrie Gusti Sociological School) is rediscovered. Because he used to be an undersecretary within the Ministry of Finance (January-August 1944), part of Marshal Antonescu?s government, he was sentenced to eight difficult years in prison. He died in Aiud jail, trying to save a young man with whom he had been locked up in the insulator.

Other publishing houses publish poetry written in the communist prisons by Radu Gyr, alongside with the memories of the theologian Nichifor Crainic (White Days, Black Days, Gândirea Publishing House, 1991). Dacia Publishing House publishes Nicolae Steinhardt?s The Happiness Diary (1991), a vivid description of the common life in the communist prisons (Gherla, Aiud) and Alexandr Zinoviev?s Homo Sovieticus (1991). The tendency is hence towards the complete recovery of the inter-war political memory.

Steinhardt, a close friend of the philosopher Constantin Noica, is sentenced to 13 years of hard labour because he refused to be a witness of the prosecution in the trial against Noica. On 15th March 1960, in Jilava prison, Steinhardt the Jew, turns to the Orthodox religion. The Happiness Diary opens with a question: how can you evade a self-centred universe? One of the solutions would be mystical, being the solution of faith, as Steinhardt states it. When you lack faith you still have three other valid options.

The solution of the living dead. Before the investigation, you try to convince yourself that ?I will die this very moment?; ?if the individual strongly believes it, he is saved. Nothing else can touch him anymore. There is no other thing he could be threatened, blackmailed, tempted or enchanted with.?

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